Machine learning is a field of Artificial intelligence that provides algorithms those can learn and improve from experiences. Machine learning algorithms are turned as integral parts of today’s digital life. Its applications include recommender systems, targeted campaigns, text categorization, computer vision and auto security systems etc.
Machine learning also considered as essential part of data science due to its capability of providing predictive analytics, capability in handling variety of data and suitability for big data applications. Its capability for predictive analytics resulted of its general structure that is building statistical models out of training data. In other hand easy scalability advantage of machine learning algorithms is making them to be suitable for big data applications.
The different types of learning algorithms includes supervised learning, unsupervised learning, reinforcement learning, feature learning, rule based learning, Robot or expert system learning, sparse dictionary and anomaly detection. These learning algorithms can be realized by computing models artificial neural networks, decision trees, support vector machines, regression analysis, Bayesian networks, Genetic algorithms and soft computing.
The familiar tools to implement machine learning algorithms include Python, R, Matlab, Scala, Clojure and Ruby. Involving of such open source programming languages, tools and social network communities makes the machine learning most progressing filed of computer science.
The machine learning life cycle includes defining project objectives, explore the types and format, modeling data to fit for machine learning algorithms, deciding suitable machine learning model and implement and decide best result from data for decision making.
These days, machine learning is observing great interest by the society and it has turned as one of the significant responsibility of top level managers to transform their business in the profitable means by exploring its basic functionalities. The world is at the sheer of realizing a situation where machines will work in agreement with human being to work together, operation, and advertise their services in a novel way which is targeted, valuable, and well-versed. In order to achieve this, they can influence machine learning distinctiveness.
Dr. Raghuram Bhukya